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Debt-To-Total-Assets Ratio Definition, Calculation, Example

Debt-To-Total-Assets Ratio Definition, Calculation, Example

debt to asset ratio formula

If you have time, it is often worthwhile to do the analysis yourself using primary sources, such as the SEC filings used here. For companies with low debt to asset ratios, such as 0% to 30%, the main advantage is that they would incur less interest expense and also have greater strategic flexibility. Given those assumptions, we can input them into our debt ratio formula.

By analyzing the ratios of different companies, investors can identify industry trends, compare financial stability, and assess risk levels. This analysis is particularly valuable when making investment decisions or evaluating potential business partners. A company’s debt-to-asset ratio is one of the groups of debt or leverage ratios that is included in financial ratio analysis. The debt-to-asset ratio shows the percentage of total assets that were paid for with borrowed money, represented by debt on the business firm’s balance sheet. It also gives financial managers critical insight into a firm’s financial health or distress.

Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio FAQs

When evaluating a business, the debt to asset ratio states how much of your expenses were paid for with credit, loans, or any other form of debt. This number demonstrates the financial status of a company and can measure its growth over time by showing the minimization of the debt to asset ratio over the years. The business owner or financial manager has to make sure that they are comparing apples to apples. A steadily rising D/E ratio may make it harder for a company to obtain financing in the future. The growing reliance on debt could eventually lead to difficulties in servicing the company’s current loan obligations.

An increasing trend line reflects that the business cannot pay down its debt, indicating a possible bankruptcy. Creditors can use restrictive covenants to force excess cash flow to repayment and restrict alternative uses of cash. Mr. Arora is an experienced private equity investment professional, with experience working across multiple markets. Rohan has a focus in particular on consumer and business services transactions and operational growth. Rohan has also worked at Evercore, where he also spent time in private equity advisory.

Additional Resources

A proportion greater than 1 indicates that a significant portion of the assets are financed through debt, while a low ratio reflects that majority of the asset is funded by equity. Debt servicing payments must be made under all circumstances, otherwise, the company would breach its debt covenants and run the risk of being forced into bankruptcy by creditors. While other liabilities such as accounts payable and long-term leases can be negotiated to some extent, there is very little “wiggle room” with debt covenants.

debt to asset ratio formula

The term debt ratio refers to a financial ratio that measures the extent of a company’s leverage. The debt ratio is defined as the ratio of total debt to total assets, expressed as a decimal or percentage. It can be interpreted as the proportion of a company’s assets that are financed by debt. The total-debt-to-total-assets ratio is a metric that indicates a company’s overall financial health.


It examines how much of the company’s resources are owned by shareholders in the form of equity and creditors in the form of debt to determine how leveraged the company is. This ratio is used by both creditors and investors to make business decisions. Debt-financed growth may serve to increase earnings, and if the incremental profit increase exceeds the related rise in debt service costs, then shareholders should expect to benefit. However, if the additional cost of debt financing outweighs the additional income that it generates, then the share price may drop. The cost of debt and a company’s ability to service it can vary with market conditions.

debt to asset ratio formula

A high ratio also indicates that a company may be putting itself at risk of defaulting on its loans if interest rates were to rise suddenly. With all the monthly data neatly together, he adds the long-term debt, bank loans, and wages payable to get a total liability of $43,000. He writes this number at the top of the asset to debt ratio equation. debt to asset ratio Correctly formulating your company’s debt to asset ratio and unpacking the results to make financial decisions in the future could be the difference between prospering or not. This tells you that 40.7% of your firm is financed by debt financing and 59.3% of your firm’s assets are financed by your investors or by equity financing.

While it has its limitations, it can be very useful as long as it is used critically as part of a broader analysis. This is because it depends on the business model, industry, and strategy of the company in question. For example, the debt ratio of a utility company is in all likelihood going to be higher than a software company – but that does not mean that the software company is less risky. If hypothetically liquidated, a company with more assets than debt could still pay off its financial obligations using the proceeds from the sale. For ease of understanding, the companies are listed in ascending order of percentage.

Knowing your debt-to-asset ratio can be particularly helpful when preparing financial projections, regardless of the type of accounting your business currently uses. Ted’s .5 DTA is helpful to see how leveraged he is, but it is somewhat worthless without something to compare it to. For instance, if his industry had an average DTA of 1.25, you would think Ted is doing a great job.

Importance of Debt to Assets Ratio

It is a powerful tool for emerging companies because it allows them to track their progress and growth over time using a reliable form of measurement. After calculating your debt to https://www.bookstime.com/ asset ratio, it’s used to better understand your company and where it stands financially. Understanding the result of the equation is done by examining it for being high or low.

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